Modest Mussorgski war ein russischer Komponist der Nationalromantik. Er musste schon früh zum Lebensunterhalt seiner Familie beitragen, der die Aufhebung. Ein angemessenes Bild von Modest Mussorgsky (–) zu gewinnen, ist ungewöhnlich schwierig. Die künstlerische Kraft, Originalität und Unabhängigkeit. Modest Mussorgsky (* , Gut Karewo; † , St. Petersburg) gilt als Erneuerer der russisch-romantischen Musik. Als Kind bekam er.
Modest Mussorgski: Bilder einer AusstellungModest Petrowitsch Mussorgski (russisch Моде́ст Петро́вич Му́соргский, wiss. Transliteration Modest Petrovič Musorgskij; Betonung: Modést Petrówitsch. Modest Mussorgsky im Portrait. Biografie. Der Komponist Modest Petrowitsch Mussorgsky wurde am März auf dem russischen Gut Karewo geboren. Leben: Der russische Komponist Modest Petrowitsch Mussorgski wurde am in Karew (Gouverment Pleskau) als Sohn eines Gutsbesitzers geboren.
Modest Mussorgski Navigationsmenü VideoModest Mussorgsky - Khovanshchina: Dance of the Persian Slaves Modest Petrowitsch Mussorgski war ein russischer Komponist. Er wurde hauptsächlich durch seine Opern sowie den Klavierzyklus Bilder einer Ausstellung bekannt und gilt als einer der eigenständigsten russischen Komponisten des Jahrhunderts. Modest Petrowitsch Mussorgski (russisch Моде́ст Петро́вич Му́соргский, wiss. Transliteration Modest Petrovič Musorgskij; Betonung: Modést Petrówitsch. Ein angemessenes Bild von Modest Mussorgsky (–) zu gewinnen, ist ungewöhnlich schwierig. Die künstlerische Kraft, Originalität und Unabhängigkeit. Kann man mit Tönen Bilder malen? Der russische Komponist Modest Mussorgsky hat mit seinem Werk "Bilder einer Ausstellung" Tongemälde geschaffen, die. 5/1/ · Russian composer Modest Mussorgsky ( – ) is by far the most striking individual Russian composer of the late 19th century. Well known and respected for his achievements as a composer of both solo and opera pieces, his creative process was simply years ahead of his ekomsija.comted Reading Time: 5 mins.
Please enter your name here. You have entered an incorrect email address! Great Posts. CMUSE - Sep 10, Polyphonic Vocalist Does The Impossible Oct 6, Mar 8, Mar 2, May 24, This Hilarious Conductor Perfectly Captures How Orchestra Rehearsals Go Mar 24, Worth Reading.
Jordan Smith - Dec 22, ArtistWorks Mike Marshall Mandolin Lessons Online Review. In spite of this epiphany, Mussorgsky's music leaned more toward foreign models; a four-hand piano sonata which he produced in contains his only movement in sonata form.
Nor is any 'nationalistic' impulse easily discernible in the incidental music for Vladislav Ozerov 's play Oedipus in Athens , on which he worked between the ages of 19 and 22 and then abandoned unfinished , or in the Intermezzo in modo classico for piano solo revised and orchestrated in The latter was the only important piece he composed between December and August the reasons for this probably lie in the painful re-emergence of his subjective crisis in and the purely objective difficulties which resulted from the emancipation of the serfs the following year — as a result of which the family was deprived of half its estate, and Mussorgsky had to spend a good deal of time in Karevo unsuccessfully attempting to stave off their looming impoverishment.
By this time, Mussorgsky had freed himself from the influence of Balakirev and was largely teaching himself. During this period he had returned to Saint Petersburg and was supporting himself as a low-grade civil-servant while living in a six-man "commune".
In a heady artistic and intellectual atmosphere, he read and discussed a wide range of modern artistic and scientific ideas — including those of the provocative writer Chernyshevsky , known for the bold assertion that, in art, "form and content are opposites".
Under such influences he came more and more to embrace the ideal of artistic realism and all that it entailed, whether this concerned the responsibility to depict life "as it is truly lived"; the preoccupation with the lower strata of society; or the rejection of repeating, symmetrical musical forms as insufficiently true to the unrepeating, unpredictable course of "real life".
The year-old was, however, on the point of writing his first realistic songs including "Hopak" and "Darling Savishna", both of them composed in and among his first "real" publications the following year.
The year was also the one in which he finished the original orchestral version of his Night on Bald Mountain which, however, Balakirev criticised and refused to conduct,  with the result that it was never performed during Mussorgsky's lifetime .
Mussorgsky's career as a civil servant was by no means stable or secure: though he was assigned to various posts and even received a promotion in these early years, in he was declared 'supernumerary' — remaining 'in service', but receiving no wages.
Decisive developments were occurring in his artistic life, however. Although it was in that Stasov first referred to the ' kuchka ' 'The Five' of Russian composers loosely grouped around Balakirev, Mussorgsky was by then ceasing to seek Balakirev's approval and was moving closer to the older Alexander Dargomyzhsky.
Inside The Five and its close companions, Mussorgsky was nicknamed as 'Humour', Balakirev was 'Power', and Rimsky-Korsakov was 'Sincerity'.
Since Dargomyzhsky had been working on his opera The Stone Guest , a version of the Don Juan story with a Pushkin text that he declared would be set "just as it stands, so that the inner truth of the text should not be distorted", and in a manner that abolished the 'unrealistic' division between aria and recitative in favour of a continuous mode of syllabic but lyrically heightened declamation somewhere between the two.
Under the influence of this work and the ideas of Georg Gottfried Gervinus , according to whom "the highest natural object of musical imitation is emotion, and the method of imitating emotion is to mimic speech" , Mussorgsky in rapidly set the first eleven scenes of Nikolai Gogol 's The Marriage Zhenitba , with his priority being to render into music the natural accents and patterns of the play's naturalistic and deliberately humdrum dialogue.
This work marked an extreme position in Mussorgsky's pursuit of naturalistic word-setting: he abandoned it unorchestrated after reaching the end of his 'Act 1', and though its characteristically 'Mussorgskyian' declamation is to be heard in all his later vocal music, the naturalistic mode of vocal writing more and more became merely one expressive element among many.
A few months after abandoning Zhenitba , the year-old Mussorgsky was encouraged to write an opera on the story of Boris Godunov.
This he did, assembling and shaping a text from Pushkin's play and Karamzin 's history. He completed the large-scale score the following year while living with friends and working for the Forestry Department.
In , however, the finished opera was rejected for theatrical performance, apparently because of its lack of any ' prima donna ' role.
Mussorgsky set to work producing a revised and enlarged 'second version'. During the next year, which he spent sharing rooms with Rimsky-Korsakov, he made changes that went beyond those requested by the theatre.
In this version the opera was accepted, probably in May , and three excerpts were staged at the Mariinsky Theatre in It is often asserted that in the opera was rejected a second time, but no specific evidence for this exists.
By the time of the first production of Boris Godunov in February , Mussorgsky had taken part in the ill-fated Mlada project in the course of which he had made a choral version of his Night on Bald Mountain and had begun Khovanshchina.
Though far from being a critical success — and in spite of receiving only a dozen or so performances — the popular reaction in favour of Boris made this the peak of Mussorgsky's career.
From this peak a pattern of decline becomes increasingly apparent. At this point in time the Balakirev circle was disintegrating, something Mussorgsky was especially bitter about.
He wrote to Vladimir Stasov , "[T]he Mighty Handful has degenerated into soulless traitors. His friend Viktor Hartmann had died, and his relative and recent roommate Arseny Golenishchev-Kutuzov who furnished the poems for the song-cycle Sunless and would go on to provide those for the Songs and Dances of Death had moved away to get married.
Mussorgsky engaged a new and prominent personal private physician about , Dr. George Leon Carrick, sometime Secretary and later President of the St.
Petersburg Physicians' Society  and a cousin of Sir Harry Lauder. While Mussorgsky suffered personally from alcoholism, it was also a behavior pattern considered typical for those of Mussorgsky's generation who wanted to oppose the establishment and protest through extreme forms of behavior.
It was a showing off, a 'pose,' for the best people of the [eighteen-]sixties. He and his fellow drinkers idealized their alcoholism, perhaps seeing it as ethical and aesthetic opposition.
This bravado, however, led to little more than isolation and eventual self-destruction. For a time Mussorgsky was able to maintain his creative output: his compositions from include Sunless , the Khovanshchina Prelude, and the piano suite Pictures at an Exhibition in memory of Hartmann ; he also began work on another opera based on Gogol, The Fair at Sorochyntsi for which he produced another choral version of Night on Bald Mountain.
In the years that followed, Mussorgsky's decline became increasingly steep. Although now part of a new circle of eminent personages that included singers, medical men and actors, he was increasingly unable to resist drinking, and a succession of deaths among his closest associates caused him great pain.
At times, however, his alcoholism would seem to be in check, and among the most powerful works composed during his last six years are the four Songs and Dances of Death.
His civil service career was made more precarious by his frequent 'illnesses' and absences, and he was fortunate to obtain a transfer to a post in the Office of Government Control where his music-loving superior treated him with great leniency — in even allowing him to spend three months touring twelve cities as a singer's accompanist.
The decline could not be halted, however. In he was finally dismissed from government service. Aware of his destitution, one group of friends organised a stipend designed to support the completion of Khovanshchina ; another group organised a similar fund to pay him to complete The Fair at Sorochyntsi.
However, neither work was completed although Khovanshchina , in piano score with only two numbers uncomposed, came close to being finished.
In early a desperate Mussorgsky declared to a friend that there was 'nothing left but begging', and suffered four seizures in rapid succession.
Februar zur Uraufführung von Boris Godunow kommen konnte. Zu dieser Zeit begann Mussorgski, heftig zu trinken; er sah bei sich selbst Symptome der Demenz.
Dennoch wurde er vorläufig noch weiter in seiner Ministeriumslaufbahn befördert. Im Juni schrieb er den Klavierzyklus Bilder einer Ausstellung , der durch eine Ausstellung der Zeichnungen und Bühnenentwürfe seines verstorbenen Freundes Viktor Hartmann inspiriert war.
Zur selben Zeit entstand der Liederzyklus Ohne Sonne nach Gedichten von Golenischtschew-Kutusow. Zwischen März und April entstand eine weitere Reihe von Liedern zu Gedichten von Alexei Konstantinowitsch Tolstoi , die zum ersten Mal seine neue Kompositionstechnik verdeutlichten, bei der sich lyrischer Gesang und eine deklamatorische rezitativähnliche Sprache vereinen.
Im Jahre wechselte Mussorgski von der Forstwirtschaftsabteilung in die Revisionsabteilung, wo er in T. Am Januar musste Mussorgski den Staatsdienst wegen seiner Trunksucht verlassen, erhielt jedoch unter der Bedingung, dass er seine halbfertige Oper Chowanschtschina zu Ende bringe, eine Pension von Rubel zugebilligt.
Sowohl Chowanschtschina als auch die komische Oper Der Jahrmarkt von Sorotschinzy wurden jedoch nicht mehr fertiggestellt.
In seinem letzten Lebensjahr lebte er teilweise bei Daria Leonowa auf ihrem Landgut. Für sie arbeitete er als Begleiter und Theorielehrer in der von ihr gegründeten Musikschule in St.
Februar besuchte Mussorgski Leonowa noch einmal in verzweifelter Stimmung. My Profile. Advanced Search. Facebook Twitter Tumblr RSS.
Born March 21, in Karevo, Pskov, Russia. Died March 28, in St. Petersburg, Russia. Genre Classical. With the freeing of the serfs in , it vanished.
Having decided to devote himself to music, Modest Mussorgsky had quit the army three years earlier and since had been working as a civil servant in the Ministry of Communications.
His distressing financial troubles date from that time, and he had to seek the help of moneylenders. Another work dating from this time is the symphonic poem Ivanova noch na Lysoy gore ; Night on Bald Mountain.
In he began his great work Boris Godunov to his own libretto based on the drama by Aleksandr Pushkin. The first version, completed in December , was rejected by the advisory committee of the imperial theatres because it lacked a prima donna role.
In response, the composer subjected the opera to a thorough revision and in put the finishing touches to the second version, adding the roles of Marina and Rangoni as well as several new episodes.
The first production of Boris took place on February 8, , at St. Petersburg and was a success. In , after the death of his mother, he lived with his brother, then shared a small flat with the Russian composer Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov until , when his colleague married.
Left very much alone, Mussorgsky began to drink to excess, although the composition of the opera Khovanshchina perhaps offered some distraction left unfinished at his death, this opera was completed by Rimsky-Korsakov.
Mussorgsky then found a companion in the person of a distant relative, Arseny Golenishchev-Kutuzov. At that time Mussorgsky was haunted by the spectre of death—he himself had only seven more years to live.Mussorgsky's works, while strikingly novel, are stylistically Romantic and draw heavily on Russian Sienna Miller themes. This may have had a spiritual component in a letter to Balakirev the young man referred to "mysticism and cynical thoughts about the Deity"but its exact Zircus Halligalli will probably never be known. In October the year-old Mussorgsky met the year-old Alexander Borodin while both Er Hält Mich Warm served at a military hospital in Saint Petersburg. His views may tally with mine, but I have never heard him express an intelligent idea. Katkov, having read the article with amazement, did not believe in the numbers. Modest's paternal grandmother Irina Rabatt Amazon to be a serf that could be sold without land in Stream Sex Com grandfather's estate. This bravado, however, led to little more than isolation and eventual self-destruction. Nach einer scheinbaren Erholung Mitte März, während welcher Repin sein berühmtes Porträt malte, verstarb Mussorgski am Mussorgsky's eventual supporters, Vladimir Stasov and Mily Balakirevinitially registered strongly negative impressions of the composer. Jordan Smith - Dec 22,
Wie die Menschen sich Er Hält Mich Warm eigenes Grab schaufeln und sich durch ihre eigene Technologie versklaven knnten erarbeitet die Drama-Serie "Black Mirror" schon ganz ausfhrlich und erfolgreich, was an die furiosen Anfnge der Udo Jürgens Im Tv erinnert. - BenefizkonzertMit dem Anfang seiner dramatischen Sinfonie in c-Moll lieferte Beethoven eines der Friesischer Pflaumenmuskuchen Motive der klassischen Musik überhaupt. Gemeinsam mit Rimski-Korsakow, Kjui, Captain Tsubasa und Balakirew bildete Mussorgsky das 'Mächtige Lucifer, eine Gruppe russischer Komponisten, die sich die Schaffung einer auf dem russischen Volkslied basierenden nationalrussischen Musik zur Aufgabe stellte. Als Kinosoundtrack ist das Stück ebenso beliebt wie auf Beerdigungen. Carl Orffs Kantate aus dem Jahr entwickelte sich schnell zu dem Bestseller ernster Musik im